The proposed

North Atlantic Carbon Observatory

A multinational platform to deliver comprehensive, sustained and integrated ocean carbon measurements to:

Climate forecasts

to better inform climate strategies and reduce uncertainty of extreme climate-related events

Support accountable
Marine carbon dioxide removal

by improving credibility, unlocking investments, and scaling carbon removal to realize climate impact

The platform

To achieve these outcomes, the North Atlantic Carbon Observatory (NACO) will link intergovernmental agencies, industry, and research to deliver ocean carbon measurements at basin and climate-relevant scales.


observation co-design with scientists, observation networks, and industry


ocean carbon observation with sustainable blended finance business model


robust and continuous observing and data infrastructure


standardized and integrated data products and scientific advisory services

The approach

The platform will work across existing ocean observing networks, ocean technology and data providers, and with end-users to fund and operationalize required sensing needs.


existing observation networks


current networks with more sensing capability


with new strategically placed sensing systems


data across all networks to enable new insights

Solving fundamental challenges

NACO will deliver scientific integrity and data to inform critical ocean decision-making and effective climate change mitigation response for governments, industry and the public.

Preliminary use cases

A list of use cases has been developed in consultation with a network of international scientific advisors and end-users.

NACO will aim to solve these specific problems by operationalizing fit-for-purpose sensing.

  • Forecast the carbon sequestration potential of the North Atlantic to refine current estimates of the global carbon budget and climate forecasts
  • Observe the vertical flux changes and sea-floor organic carbon absorption at the sea floor
  • Improve climate forecasts through enhanced observations of changing Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) under new freshwater/warming ocean conditions
  • Ongoing (near) real-time measurement of essential ocean variables and state estimates to improve earth system models and global climate forecasts
  • Environmental monitoring of critical ocean ecosystems and high seas Marine Protected Areas  
  • Assess the carbon sequestration potential for specific marine carbon dioxide removal (mCDR) pathways in the North Atlantic
  • Identify the optimal large-scale deployment sites for specific mCDR pathways
  • Estimate the current and forecasted carbon flux at basin scale in the North Atlantic to support credible and accountable measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) process for large-scale mCDR deployments
  • Validation data to build skill and trust in basin-scale models and reduce discrepancies between observations and models
  • Environmental monitoring of critical ocean ecosystems and high seas Marine Protected Areas
Climate forecasting
Marine carbon dioxide removal

Our team

Leadership team

Anya Waite

Anya Waite

Chief Executive Officer and Scientific Director,
Ocean Frontier Institute
Eric Siegel

Eric Siegel

Chief Innovation Officer,
Ocean Frontier Institute
Akash Rastogi

Akash Rastogi

Lead Strategist, North Atlantic Carbon Observatory,
Ocean Frontier Institute

Strategic advisory team

Ted Janulis

Ted Janulis

Founder and Principal,
Investable Oceans
Julie Pullen

Julie Pullen

Partner and Chief Scientist,
Propeller Ventures​
Mike Kelland

Mike Kelland

Founder and Chief Executive Officer,
Planetary Technologies​
Laurent Bopp

Laurent Bopp

Director of Geosciences,
The École Normale Supérieure
Director of Research,
Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace
Susan Lozier

Susan Lozier

American Geophysical Union
College of Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology
Adam Thompson

Adam Thompson 

Global Sustainable Finance
Environmental, Social, and Governance Leader,
IBM Consulting
Martin Koehring

Martin Koehring 

Former Head, World Ocean Initiative,
The Economist
Craig McLean

Craig McLean

Former Chief Scientist,
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Former Head of United States Delegation,
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESCO
Torsten Thiele

Torsten Thiele

Ocean Finance and Governance Leader
Global Ocean Trust​
Simon Freeman

Simon Freeman

Program Director,
Advanced Research Project Agency Energy (ARPA-E)

Get involved

We are actively working to:

  • Develop a partner ecosystem across government, industry and research sectors
  • Raise funds to support the foundational design work needed over the coming years.

Contact us at to learn more or get involved.

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