Improving Sustainability & Mitigating the Challenges of Aquaculture

By studying the effects of infectious diseases and developing effective treatments, by producing novel and sustainable fish diets, by improving environmental sustainability, and by determining the effects of climate change on fish health, this research will improve the resilience and global competitiveness of the Canadian aquaculture industry.

Project details

Principal Investigator(s):
Matthew Rise
Principal Investigator:
Project Start Date:
Project End Date:
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Research Outcomes

About the research project

About the research

The goal of aquaculture in the marineenvironment is to add farmed animals to a natural ecosystem, while maintaining ecosystemhealth. To achieve this, management of aquaculture requires sustainablepractices that are effective in a dynamic and challenging ocean environmentwhere water quality, climate effects and the risk of disease are not completelycontrolled.

In this program, researchers will workwith industry partners to improve practices and examine fish health andresiliency. New approaches to enhance productivitywill also be developed.

This research is divided into fivecomponents, which aim to:

  1. Develop sustainable and therapeutic diets for Atlantic salmon, including plant-based sources of feed that will enable the industry to reduce its reliance on fish meal and oil.
  2. Understand and mitigate the effects of pathogens and climate change on fish health. This research will examine the capacity of Atlantic salmon to tolerate low oxygen and higher than normal temperatures, and to identify how their physiology, immunology and disease resistance are affected.
  3. Develop sustainable control measures for pathogens of cultured fishes. This research includes the development of efficient and sustainable methods to control parasites and pathogens.
  4. Lessen the impact of aquaculture on the environment and on wild fish populations. Key aspects to be investigated include aquaculture escapes, the response of wild fish communities to cage sites, impacts of aquaculture on the seafloor ecosystem, and waste management/bioprocessing (primarily shell and fish carcasses).
  5. Identify alternative aquaculture species to diversify Canada’s already strong aquaculture industry. This research will initially examine two candidate species that have been identified as having significant market potential: sablefish and sea cucumber.

The impact

Losses to the global aquaculture industrydue to infectious diseases are estimated by the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization at approximately US$6 billionannually. This research will helpimprove the productivity and global competitiveness of Canada’s aquacultureindustry, particularly the production of Atlantic salmon, Canada’s mainaquaculture species.

The research team

The overall module is led by Matthew Rise of Memorial University of Newfoundland. The leads of the five components ofthis module are:

  • Matthew Rise (lead of component 1)
  • Kurt Gamperl of Memorial University of Newfoundland (lead of components 2 and 5)
  • Javier Santander of Memorial University of Newfoundland and Mark Fast of University of Prince Edward Island (co-leads of component 3)
  • Ian Fleming of Memorial University of Newfoundland (lead of component 4).

Other collaborators include:

  • Christopher Parrish, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 1)
  • Stefanie Colombo, Dalhousie University (component 1)
  • Jillian Westcott, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 3)
  • Danny Boyce, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 3)
  • Mark Abrahams, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 4)
  • Suzanne Dufour, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 4)
  • Deepika Dave, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 4)
  • Kelly Hawboldt, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 4)
  • Annie Mercier, Memorial University of Newfoundland (component 5)

Government & institutional partners:

  • Department of Fisheries and Oceans
  • National Research Council
  • University of Waterloo
  • University of Guelph
  • Alfred Wagner Institute of Germany
  • LabexMER of France
  • Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC of Spain
  • HIOA of Norway  

Industry partners:

  • EWOS Canada
  • Cargill Innovation
  • EWOS Chile
  • Cooke Aquaculture
  • Center for Aquaculture Technologies Canada
  • Elanco Canada Ltd.
  • Golden Eagle Sable Fish
  • Icey Waters Arctic Charr
  • Newfoundland Cod Broodstock Company